Microgreens: Seed to Table in 7-10 Days

Did you know these tiniest of greens pack a hugely healthful wallop? You’ve seen them as garnishes in fine restaurants, where chefs like to use the delicate young plants to enhance the presentation and taste of their soups, salads, entrées, and sandwiches. They are available commercially but need to be fresh-cut from a germination tray to preserve their flavors and
texture. How much better then to grow your own, an option that will give you a steady and inexpensive supply.

You can grow them indoors just about anywhere, from the basement to a corner of the kitchen. All you need to get started is a germination tray, some potting soil, organic vegetable seeds suitable for microgreens — broccoli is our enduring favorite — and a full-spectrum florescent grow light to provide a steady and even supply of light for about 12 hours per day. Or do what we did and get fancy with a 3-Tier SunLite Garden from Gardener’s Supply Company. That way, you can start your garden seedlings side by side with your microgreens. Needless to say, there are many cost and space options in between, including peat pots in a sunny window.

The most important requirements are bright, full-spectrum lights and healthy organic seeds. We buy our seeds from Sprout People. Your full-spectrum florescent lights, germination trays, and organic potting soil (either soil or peat-based) are available at any large garden center. Pick up a standard shop light fixture at your local hardware or building supply store. A timer is helpful so you don’t have to turn the lights off and on.

We use a good organic soil-free planting mix either by Pro-Mix or Foxfarm. Place an inch or two of moistened soil on the bottom of a germination tray, generously scatter your seeds evenly over the soil, press down lightly, and cover with a thin layer of planting mix.

Sprinkle seeds generously on top of soil and cover with a thin lay of fresh soil.

Sprinkle seeds generously on top of soil and cover with a thin layer of fresh soil.

Moisten the soil well with a mister and mist once or twice daily with a spray bottle.When your microgreens have their first real leaves (about 7-10 days), they are ready to eat. With a clean scissors, cut them close to the soil level, using the tip of the scissors to trim away or scrape off any loose soil that adheres to the greens.

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After covering seeds, spray well with water to fully moisten soil. Keep seeds moist.

The best seeds for growing microgreens are salad greens, leafy vegetables, and herbs. Once you have the hang of it, consider growing a few different types at the same time in different trays because of the different germination times. Beware of seed mixes from suppliers for this reason. You can create your own “house” mix after harvesting. There are lots of greens to choose from: arugula, basil, beets, broccoli, cilantro, cress, dill, flax, kale, mizuna, mustard, peas, purple or daikon radish, and tatsoi, just to name a few. They are best purchased from a microgreen seed supplier so you can buy in the bulk you will need. The little seed packs at your garden center won’t cut it.

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In 7-10 days, microgreens will be ready for harvesting. Cut a clump at a time just above soil level, using the tip of the scissors to scrap off any excess dirt.

So what’s the reason for our love affair with microgreens? Unlike sprouts, which are grown in water, microgreens are grown in soil and eaten as soon as the fully developed stems and leaves appear, generally about 7 to 10 days after planting. A study done at the University of Maryland in College Park in 2012 found that microgreens were four to 40-times more concentrated with
nutrients than their mature counterparts. Extremely high in vitamins, minerals, and enzymes, a very little goes a very long way. Use them fresh as garnishes, in place of—or with—lettuce on a sandwich, generously mixed into salads or just about anywhere to add nutrition, color and a bit of zest. You’ll have a tough time finding a food that is fresher.

Tom’s Cottage Pie: Potatoes, Veggies, Tofu and More

Tom chooses this for his birthday lunch every year and, since it’s a crew favorite, we have it on many other days as well. A virtual meal in a single casserole, this dish refrigerates and freezes well, and it also reheats beautifully. All of which makes it a good choice to take to a potluck . . . or not take anywhere at all and simply enjoy at home.

Serves 12 for lunch, 8 for dinner

Prepare in advance

1 firm (14-ounce) tofu cake, frozen, thawed, and pressed to remove excess moisture; cut into small cubes
2 (9-inch) prebaked piecrusts, sugar omitted, optional (See Etc. section)
3 cups mashed potatoes (use white or sweet potatoes, or a combination); can add parsley and minced garlic

Ingredients

1 cup peeled and chopped carrots
2 cups chopped broccoli
6 tablespoons Earth Balance Vegan Buttery Stick
2 medium-size onions, diced
2 large cloves garlic, finely chopped
1 pound mushrooms, chopped
1 firm tofu cake
½ cup toasted walnuts, chopped
6 tablespoons all-purpose flour
½ cup chopped flat-leaf parsley
½ teaspoon fresh thyme
salt and freshly ground pepper to taste
½ cup white wine
3 tablespoons tamari
1 cup vegetable or mushroom broth
½ cup soy creamer
2 cups frozen peas, defrosted
juice of ½ lemon 2 (9-inch)
unsweetened piecrusts (optional)
10 white potatoes, sweet potatoes, or a combination

Method

  1. Preheat the oven to 400 degrees.
  2. Blanch the carrots in boiling salted water until al dente. Remove with a slotted spoon.
  3. In the same cooking water, blanch the broccoli, then drain and set aside with the carrots.
  4. Melt the Earth Balance in a large pan and sauté the onions and garlic.
  5. Add the mushrooms and prepared tofu, and cook until the mushrooms are soft and tofu is browned. 6. Stir in the walnuts, flour, parsley, and thyme and season with salt and pepper.
  6. Add the wine, tamari, broth, and soy creamer. Cook for 5 to 8 minutes, until the liquid has reduced and the sauce thickens. Remove from heat.
  7. Stir in the blanched carrots and broccoli, the peas, and then the lemon juice.
  8. Pour into the prebaked pie shells or, the way most of us prefer, directly into a greased baking dish.
  9. Top with mashed potatoes. To create an irregular texture on top, use the back of a spoon to scruff up the potatoes.
  10. Bake for 30 to 35 minutes or until golden brown. Baking time may vary depending on the size of the pan or casserole.

Note

  • Refrigerates well.
  • Freezes well.
  • This dish reheats beautifully.
  • Freezing the tofu in advance, as described, keeps it from becoming soggy or chewy.